As mentioned in my most recent blog, assessment should be delivered in meaningful ways; reducing barriers to students and provides authentic and relevant assessment data, thus identifying what is working and what is not, what additional supports may need to be provided for which students, and the ability to adjust the methodologies used along the way. In addition, teachers are able to address various individual learning styles, promote self-confidence and self-determination. Universal Design for Learning; a concept that grew in part out of Vygotsky’s educational concepts and Bloom’s Taxonomy, provides avenues to both instruct and assess students through methods that include scaffolding, peer coaching, collaboration, creativity, etc.
UDL identifies three guiding principles for developing curriculum that eliminates the barriers that often prevent learning; providing multiple means of representation (Supporting Diverse Recognition Networks); provide multiple means of action and expression (To Support Diverse Strategic Networks); and to provide multiple means of engagement (To Support Diverse Affective Networks).
It makes sense that the same barriers that affect the learning process also may affect the assessment process. So, it further makes sense that teachers provide opportunities for assessment that reduce barriers. By successfully identifying preferred learning styles and possible barriers that may exist for all students, teachers can adjust assessments to provide opportunities that meet the needs of all learners. These assessments are then valid, formative, authentic, and relevant.
What are the benefits of approaching formative assessment from the UDL framework?
- Instruction, when presented with UDL principles, matches with assessment.
- Data will now be used effectively to identify possible barriers that students may be facing, identify learning styles, identify teacher methodology that is working effectively, and provide data that shows what has been effectively taught vs. whether a student can take a paper and pencil summative assessment well.
- Immediate Feedback: Students are able to get immediate meaningful feedback to help them improve their understanding (Petty, 2011) Link to Formative Assessment Youtube Video
What are the Challenges of approaching assessment from the UDL framework?
- Time: Teachers are often required to cover specific amounts of material in specific time frames. Providing a variety of opportunities for varied assessment can be time consuming in both the delivery and in the teacher’s ability to provide immediate and relevant feedback. I believe that formative assessment, however, can be embedded into instruction which may allow for a reduction in the required time for planning, implementing and grading. How can this be done?
Links to the “HOW”: HOW to embed assessment into instruction
- Administrative Support: These non-traditional methods of assessment may not be well understood from administrators or other teachers. The concept multiple choice summative evaluations has been used for many years and can be a barrier with older or more traditional teachers.
Understanding the Difference between Formative and Summative Assessment: youtube video